Paul, Israel's Torah and the Nations

Dr. Mark D. Nanos, Lecturer in Jewish and Biblical Studies

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Course info
Audio lessons

Course Info

Was Saul or Paul of Tarsus a Jew or a Christian? Did he forge new understandings – even a new religion – or did he remain a faithful Israelite living within the same world of first-century Judaisms as his peers? Did he want Jews to live as Gentiles, or Gentiles to live as Jews? Did he oppose the Mosaic Torah or support it? What did he share in common with other Jewish (and non-Jewish) groups, and where did he diverge from them? And why have all these questions been so thorny and controversial throughout history?

In this course, Dr. Mark Nanos, a Jewish scholar who has devoted upwards of thirty years to wrestling with Paul’s writings, presents a comprehensive overview of the “flashpoint texts” that have proven so critical and problematic for interpretation of this self-described “Pharisee” and “ambassador to the nations.” Lecturing through a series of conversations with Dr. Yeshaya Gruber, Dr. Nanos outlines a coherent, consistent picture of “Paul within Judaism” — a maverick thinker, teacher, and leader who expended great effort to preserve the identity boundaries between Jews and non-Jews, all while working just as hard to bring them together as Jews and non-Jews into a pluralistic, non-discriminatory unity “in Messiah.”

About Author

Dr. Mark D. Nanos

Lecturer in Jewish and Biblical Studies

Mark D. Nanos (University of St. Andrews, Scotland) is a Lecturer at the University of Kansas. His books include The Mystery of Romans (1996) and The Irony of Galatians (2002). He is co-editor of Paul within Judaism (2015) and the author of many articles (for more see He is a winner of the 1996 National Jewish Book Award, Charles H. Revson Award in Jewish Christian Relations, and a co-founder of the "Paul within Judaism" section at the Society for Biblical Literature.

  • 31 Sessions With historical background and more
  • Earn your certificate in:
    • Jewish Context and Culture
    • Jewish New Testament
  • 936 Active Students From all over the world
  • 9:56 Hours Learn at your pace and convenience


  • Lecture Notes for this Course
  • Plain Text Notes for this Course
  • Supplementary Content

Audio lessons

  • 02. The Nations and Paul's View of Torah 15:36
  • 03. Traditional Interpretations of Paul 12:40
  • 04. Paul Within Judaism 23:44
  • 05. The Role of Shema in Paul's Thought 16:01
  • 06. Jewish and non-Jewish Understanding of Shema 24:46
  • 07. Gal 3:28 and 1 Cor 7:19 20:13
  • 08. Individual Identity and Group Identity 14:28
  • 09. What are non-Jews Supposed to Do? 18:51
  • 10. Guidance for Galatians and Romans 17:21
  • 11. Paul's Unique Language in Galatians 27:36
  • 12. Works of the Law (Part 1) 13:39
  • 13. Works of the Law (Part 2) 22:34
  • 14. Eating Together in Galatians 18:37
  • 15. Dining Culture in Antioch 20:23
  • 16. Antioch Incident (Part 1) 20:56
  • 17. Antioch Incident (Part 2) 33:05
  • 18. Under Which Law? 19:07
  • 19. Freedom from the Law? 15:32
  • 20. All Things to All People 20:56
  • 21. Reasoning and Behavior 16:26
  • 22. Freedom and Idol-Food 23:31
  • 23. The Use of The Olive Tree Metaphor 11:41
  • 24. Translation Options (Part 1) 14:51
  • 25. Translation Options (Part 2) 13:13
  • 26. Translation Options (Part 3) 15:30
  • 27. Romans 11 in the Reformation 22:07
  • 28. Rethinking the Metaphor Message 15:58
  • 29. Things are Not as They Seem 17:13
  • 30. Paul, Identity and Theology 15:32
  • 31. Related Texts and Ideas 34:10

Student Reviews


Overall student rates

Overall rating based on 37 reviews
5 Stars 34
4 Stars 3
3 Stars 0
2 Stars 0
1 Star 0
37 Total
  • Henning Korsmoe

    Posted 1 week ago
    Very interesting course
  • Caroline Brown

    Posted 3 weeks ago
    I really enjoyed this course. Very thought provoking, excellent presenter, and it is one I may take a gain in a few months.
  • Dorothy Rook

    Posted 3 weeks ago
    Surely it would be more appropriate to leave this exercise until later in the course where a more comprehensive analysis of all of these aspects could be more fully remarked upon.? On the other hand, this exercise could have been given after the first segment, where it would have been quite appropriate!
  • Thelma Leah Frances Janes

    Posted 1 month ago
    Great Course.
  • Gerardo Garcia

    Posted 1 month ago
    All good

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