The First Commandment: Deuteronomy in the Gospels

Pinchas Shir, Associate Professor of Ancient Cultures

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Course info
Audio lessons

Course Info

The Book of Deuteronomy is, in many ways, the most important book within the Torah of Moses. It is one of three books (together with Psalms and Isaiah) most quoted by New Testament authors. It is also one of the three books found in the Dead Sea Scroll collection in Qumran with the greatest number of individual copies. Together with Prof. Pinchas Shir, you will discover never before noticed insights into how the Book of Deuteronomy deals with a number of important New Testament topics and texts.

Together with other students, you will clarify the relationships between 10 commandments and the other (603 remaining) commandments. You will discover how Biblical witnesses work within the structure of this most important for Jewish life book, especially what it has to do with two or three Christ-followers coming together (among other things). Most importantly, you will make significant progress in grasping how to think as an Ancient Hebrew, which is crucial for understanding the original messages of both Deuteronomy and the New Testament.

About Author

Pinchas Shir

Associate Professor of Ancient Cultures

Pinchas Shir, Israel Bible Center’s Associate Professor of Ancient Cultures, is nearing the completion of his Ph.D. studies in the Department of Religion at Groningen University in the Netherlands. His academic interests focus on ancient dining culture, culinary contexts of the Second Temple period, and particularly on the table interactions between Jews and Gentiles in antiquity. In addition, Pinchas is keenly interested in the archaeology of Ancient Israel and the Mediterranean.

Currently residing in North America, Assoc. Professor Shir lectures internationally and maintains a strong online presence where all can hear his teachings.

  • 15 Sessions With historical background and more
  • Earn your certificate in:
    • Jewish Context and Culture
    • Hebrew Bible
    • Jewish New Testament
  • 2,341 Active Students From all over the world
  • 4:30 Hours Learn at your pace and convenience


  • Lecture Notes for this Course
  • Plain Text Notes for this Course

Audio lessons

  • 02. The First Test 25:47
  • 03. The Second Test 17:54
  • 04. The Third Test 12:00
  • 05. Words in the Wilderness 13:39
  • 06. What is Shema? 16:34
  • 07. Jesus And The Shema (part 1) 16:27
  • 08. Jesus And The Shema (part 2) 16:53
  • 09. Ten Commandments in Deuteronomy 15:49
  • 10. Commandments as Categories 05:36
  • 11. 10 Vs. 613 18:14
  • 12. Jesus and Ten Commandments 26:55
  • 13. Two Witnesses in Torah 26:13
  • 14. The Witness of Commandments 20:33
  • 15. Two or Three in the Gospels 26:06

Student Reviews


Overall student rates

Overall rating based on 35 reviews
5 Stars 35
4 Stars 0
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35 Total
  • Faith Davis

    Posted 1 week ago
    As with all of the courses I've taken so far the perspective that is brought forth is intriguing and stimulating. It's added a new dynamic that is requiring further study.
  • Irene

    Posted 2 weeks ago
    I like the presentation of comparing the past (Moses) and the Present , the time of Jesus missionary life among the Israelite. I did not realize that the second test Jesus had , that Satan tempted him ,did not include the Land of Israel but other land. in the vicinity. I am anxious to find out why the land of Israel is so valuable in God's eyes, why that land ...
  • Christopher T Cervoni

    Posted 2 weeks ago
  • Kathleen McCray

    Posted 2 weeks ago
    Not sure if the Professor could be more outwardly excited or not. Course is excellent!
  • jorge luis Vicentini

    Posted 2 weeks ago

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