Why are the Gospels so Different?

Dr. Eliyahu Lizorkin-Eyzenberg, Dr. Yeshaya Gruber, Dr. Nicholas J. Schaser & Jared Seltzer

Jared Seltzer

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Jared Seltzer

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To understand the ancient text we have to push ourselves to think as much as the ancients. Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg


About 2,000 years ago, a Jewish teacher walked the hills around Nazareth, traversed the Land of Israel, and ended up in a deadly conflict with the political and religious leaders of Jerusalem.

Four main accounts of his story have come down to us, known as the gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. But why are they all different? Why do three of them tell similar stories but also include apparent contradictions? How did they come to be written? 

We discuss questions including:

  • Why are there 4 different gospels?
  • What is the “synoptic problem,” and why is it important?
  • Why is John’s gospel so different from all the others, and is it anti-Jewish?
  • What about non-canonical “gospels” outside the Christian tradition?

The discussion will be hosted by Assistant Professor Jared Seltzer and will feature Dr. Eli Lizorkin-Eyzenberg, Dr. Yeshaya Gruber, and Dr. Nicholas Schaser of the Israel Bible Center.

Scholars Panel

Dr. Eliyahu Lizorkin-Eyzenberg

Professor of Ancient Cultures and Head of School

Dr. Yeshaya Gruber

Professor of Jewish History and Culture

Dr. Nicholas J. Schaser

Professor of New Testament and Jewish Studies

Jared Seltzer

Assistant Professor of Biblical Hebrew

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